The Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has warned that the future of the oil and gas industry is at risk due to the sharp drop in investment.
Speaking at the High-level Meeting of the OPEC-Africa Energy Dialogue, the Secretary-General, Mohammad Barkindo, said Africa was estimated to have proven oil reserves of around 126 billion barrels at the end of 2019 but one major issue looming is the lack of adequate industry investment.
He said, “One major issue looming in the long-term horizon is the lack of adequate industry investment. According to our latest assessments, upstream capital spending is estimated to have fallen in 2020 by a staggering 30 per cent or more.
“Our 2020 World Oil Outlook estimates that $12.6tn will be required between now and 2045 in the upstream, midstream and downstream. We must continue to advocate for a turnaround in this very upsetting trend.
“The very future of our industry is at stake. The fact is that oil and gas will continue to be a vital part of the energy needs to ensure future demand is met, and thus policies must change in this regard.”
Barkindo observed that in 2019, the continent produced 8.5 million barrels per day of oil, which was around nine per cent of world output.
He noted that demand in developing regions, including Africa, with its rapidly growing population and dynamic demographic shifts, would be intensified.
The OPEC scribe said all forms of energy would be needed, not only to support the post-pandemic recovery but also to satisfy long-term energy requirements.
According to him, oil is expected to retain the largest share of the global energy mix throughout the forecast period, providing nearly 28 per cent of global requirements in 2045, followed by gas, at around 25 per cent and coal at roughly 20 per cent.
Barkindo described the future of Africa’s oil industry as bright, with vast opportunities.
“Home to five of the top 30 oil-producing countries in the world and several top gas-producing nations, the continent’s precious resources will continue to be highly sought after in the long-term horizon in order to meet the rapidly rising global demand for oil and gas,” he said.
The OPEC chief said another issue of utmost concern in Africa was the scourge of energy poverty, which he said had continued to impact millions across the continent.
He said an estimated 47 per cent of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa had no electricity and approximately 85 per cent of people lacked access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking.
CBN warns banks over foreign exchange malpractices
The Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, has insisted that the FX operating license of any bank or banks that are found guilty of ongoing investigations in foreign exchange malpractices would be suspended for at least a year.
The circular signed today by the Director Trade and Exchange Department, CBN, Ozoemena Nnaji stated: “In line with the continuing close surveillance of our financial markets in general and the FX market in particular, the CBN wishes to remind all banks that it is their responsibility to not only Know their Customers (KYC requirements) but also Know their customers’ business (KYCB requirements).
“Given these responsibilities and in view of recent occurrences in the market, the CBN would like to remind banks to desist from all and any forms of FX malpractices.
“We wish to reiterate that the FX operating license of any bank or banks that are found culpable with ongoing investigations would be suspended for at least one year. Please note and ensure compliance.”
Naira hits historic low of 543 against dollar
The naira has continued to depreciate on the parallel market, selling for N543 to the dollar on Thursday.
The bureau de change operators in Abuja bought dollar at N540, then it was sold for N543.
The British Pound was also sold for £1/N740.
This comes 44 days after the Central Bank of Nigeria barred sale of Forex to all bureau de change operators across the country.
On June 27, 2021, the CBN ended the sales of Forex to BDCs saying the parallel market had become a conduit for illicit Forex flows and graft.
The CBN said it would also no longer process applications for BDC licences in the country.